The University of Pittsburgh Panthers claims nine national championships (1915, 1916, 1918, 1929, 1931, 1934, 1936, 1937 and 1976) and has played eight undefeated seasons (1904, 1910, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1920, 1937 and 1976). The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is an organizing body of the four state-related schools in Pennsylvania; these schools (Pennsylvania State University, Lincoln University, the University of Pittsburgh, and Temple University) are independent institutions that receive some state funding. [200], Another one of Pennsylvania's nicknames is the Quaker State; in colonial times, it was known officially as the Quaker Province,[201] in recognition of Quaker[202] William Penn's First Frame of Government[203] constitution for Pennsylvania that guaranteed liberty of conscience. [178], Intercity passenger rail transit is provided by Amtrak, with the majority of traffic occurring on the Keystone Service in the high-speed Keystone Corridor between Harrisburg and Philadelphia's 30th Street Station before heading north to New York City, as well as the Northeast Regional providing frequent high-speed service up and down the Northeast Corridor. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; generally speaking, these tornadoes do not cause significant damage. The state nickname of Pennsylvania is "The Keystone State". [174] Other long-accredited AZA zoos include the Erie Zoo and the Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium. The Steel State . Three of our most treasured documents are associated with Pennsylvania: the Declaration of independence and the United States Constitution (both executed in Philadelphia), and Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. The Coal State . Pennsylvania also has a very large Amish population, second only to Ohio among the states. Download Pennsylvania - State Nickname & EST Year - 2 Files - SVG PNG (264122) today! "[53] The ensuing hostilities became known as Pontiac's War. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.[7]. Origin of the Name Pennsylvania… [176] Pennsylvania holds the second-highest number of Boone & Crockett-recorded record black bears at 183, second only to Wisconsin's 299.[176]. Berkheimer, Keystone Collections, and Jordan Tax Service) appointed by a particular county to collect the local earned income and local services tax (the latter a flat fee deducted from salaried employees working within a particular municipality or school district). Residents of Philadelphia working for an employer are not required to file a local return as long as their Philadelphia wage tax is fully withheld by their employer. Sure, the people can be dumb, but not as dumb as in Alabama. [177] The Pennsylvania Turnpike system is 535 miles (861 km) long, with the mainline portion stretching from Ohio to Philadelphia and New Jersey. [189] It leads all other states in the manufacture of pretzels and potato chips. [10] For most of the second half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, Pennsylvania has been a powerful swing state. [63], The new state Capitol drew rave reviews. Horse racing courses in Pennsylvania consist of The Meadows near Pittsburgh, Pocono Downs in Wilkes-Barre, and Harrah's Philadelphia in Chester, which offer harness racing, and Penn National Race Course in Grantville, Parx Racing (formerly Philadelphia Park) in Bensalem, and Presque Isle Downs near Erie, which offer thoroughbred racing. Memories last a lifetime . [108] Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, is one of the headquarters of the Moravian Church in America. The term Dutch used to mean "German"[104] (including the Netherlands), before the Latin name for them replaced it (but stuck with the Netherlands). [177] It is overseen by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. This is a list of nicknames for each of the 50 states of the United States, ordered … In recent national elections since 1992, Pennsylvania had leaned for the Democratic Party. National titles in college basketball have been won by La Salle University (1954), Temple University (1938), University of Pennsylvania (1920 and 1921), University of Pittsburgh (1928 and 1930), and Villanova University (1985, 2016, and 2018).[187][188]. Since 1992, Pennsylvania has been trending Democratic in Presidential elections, voting for Bill Clinton twice by large margins, and slightly closer in 2000 for Al Gore. Contacting the local Secretary of State (SOS) office via Phone or Email is free and is the most reliable way to check your business name availability. The urban/rural divide in Pennsylvania is real and it's inspired one of Pennsylvania's more popular nicknames: Pennsyltucky. In 1989, The New York Times praised it as "grand, even awesome at moments, but it is also a working building, accessible to citizens ... a building that connects with the reality of daily life".[63]. Pennsylvania Nickname: Keystone State. [137] As of the 2018 elections, the Republicans hold the majority in the State House and Senate. Pennsylvania State History. [63] But it needed a more central location, as for example the Paxton Boys massacres of 1763 had made the legislature aware. These include Musikfest and NEARfest in Bethlehem, the Philadelphia Folk Festival, Creation Festival, the Great Allentown Fair, and Purple Door. "Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Fact Book", p. 10. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York, Carlisle, and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region. [46][47] The Quaker leader William Penn had signed a peace treaty with Tammany, leader of the Delaware tribe, beginning a long period of friendly relations between the Quakers and the Indians. Pennsylvania has seven major airports: Philadelphia International, Pittsburgh International, Lehigh Valley International, Harrisburg International, Erie International, University Park Airport and Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International. On June 24, 1664, the Duke of York sold the portion of his large grant that included present-day New Jersey to John Berkeley and George Carteret for a proprietary colony. The one that later transferred to Pennsylvania was Upland. Residents with unearned income (except for interest from checking and savings accounts) are required to file and pay the School Income-tax (SIT). Republican strength was concentrated in the Philadelphia suburbs, as well as the more rural areas in the central, northeastern, and western portions. Retrieved 2012-05-26. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor run as a ticket in the general election and are up for re-election every four years during the midterm elections. Much of the Commonwealth is rural; this dichotomy affects state politics as well as the state economy. The majority of Hispanics in Pennsylvania are of Puerto Rican descent, having one of the largest and fastest-growing Puerto Rican populations in the country. The Black and African American population grew by 13%, which was the largest increase in that population amongst the state's peers (New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan). Pennsylvania has 500 public school districts, thousands of private schools, publicly funded colleges and universities, and over 100 private institutions of higher education. There are also two motocross race tracks that host a round of the AMA Toyota Motocross Championships in Pennsylvania. Carnegie Mellon University, The Pennsylvania State University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Pittsburgh are members of the Association of American Universities, an invitation-only organization of leading research universities. Andrew Curtin's Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps, Civil War 1861–1864, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Pennsylvania, Energy Data & Statistics for Pennsylvania, Free Original Documents Online: Pennsylvania State Archives 1600s to 1800s, Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development, National Association of Counties (information on each Pennsylvania County), cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pennsylvania&oldid=1001062302, States and territories established in 1787, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Pennsylvania German-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly Average High and Low Temperatures For Various Pennsylvania Cities (in °F), Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 02:13. The Corn State. Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, p. 5-4. Generally, the total wage tax rate is capped at 1% of income but some municipalities with home rule charters may charge more than 1%. The state holds 20 electoral votes.[148]. If their employer does not withhold the Philadelphia wage tax, residents are required to register with the Revenue Department and file an Earnings Tax return. The original Frame of Government of William Penn had a unicameral legislature. Among the regional foods associated with Philadelphia are cheesesteaks, hoagie, soft pretzels, Italian water ice, Irish potato candy, scrapple, Tastykake, and strombolis. Retrieved October 9, 2012. The word is of English derivation and refers to the common "weal" (well-being) of the public. Lehigh University is a private research university located in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Signing of the U.S Constitution at Philadelphia Convention (public domain image on Wikipedia). This law specifies the requirements and responsibilities of the parents and the school district where the family lives.[167]. High Point Raceway is located in Mt. Most recently, in the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump became the first Republican candidate to win the state since 1988, winning the state 48.6% to 47.8%. Pennsylvania State Slogans . Penn suggested Sylvania, meaning woodland. Pennsylvania (/ˌpɛnsəlˈveɪniə/ (listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə) (Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the Northeastern United States. [85] The state has a high in-migration of black and Hispanic people from other nearby states, with eastern and south-central portions of the state seeing the bulk of the increases.[86][87]. Former Governor Ed Rendell had considered legalizing video poker machines in bars and private clubs in 2009 since an estimated 17,000 operate illegally across the state. [126], It also ranks 8th in the nation in Winemaking. [181] The dam impounds the Allegheny River near Downtown Pittsburgh. Other companies such as Herr's Snacks, Martin's Potato Chips, Snyder's of Berlin (not associated with Snyder's of Hanover) and Troyer Farms Potato Products are popular chip manufacturers. [117] Philadelphia is home to six Fortune 500 companies,[118] with more located in suburbs like King of Prussia; it is a leader in the financial[119] and insurance industry. Political and popular indignation in 1901 prompted a second contest that was restricted to Pennsylvania architects, and Joseph Miller Huston of Philadelphia was chosen to design the present Pennsylvania State Capitol that incorporated Cobb's building into magnificent public work finished and dedicated in 1907. [38] By June 11, 1674, New York reasserted control over the outlying colonies, including Upland, but the names started to be changed to British names by November 11, 1674. It is not clear how much of this change reflects a changing population and how much reflects increased willingness to self-identify minority status. The Boone and Crockett Club shows that five of the ten largest (skull size) black bear entries came from the state. [64] The Hills Capitol burned down on February 2, 1897, during a heavy snowstorm, presumably because of a faulty flue. [30][31], On March 12, 1664, King Charles II of England gave James, Duke of York a grant that incorporated all lands included in the original Virginia Company of Plymouth Grant plus other lands. In 1859, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, Edwin Drake successfully drilled the well, which led to the first major oil boom in United States history. United States Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, List of Pennsylvania counties by per capita income, List of Pennsylvania locations by per capita income, List of towns and boroughs in Pennsylvania, List of county seats in Pennsylvania (by population), List of census-designated places in Pennsylvania, List of colleges and universities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, List of public transit authorities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Most spoken languages in Pennsylvania in 2010", "General Coastline and Shoreline Mileage of the United States", 2006 Statistical Abstract: Geography & Environment: Land and Land Use, "National Park Service: Our Fourth Shore", "Climate Information—National Weather Service Central PA", Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania-1681, "Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh", https://philadelphiaencyclopedia.org/archive/treaty-of-shackamaxon-2/, https://hiddencityphila.org/2014/05/respectfully-remembering-the-affable-one/, "An account of the remarkable occurrences in the life and travels of Colonel James Smith (Late a citizen of Bourbon County, Kentucky) : during his captivity with the Indians, in the years 1755,'56, '57, '58, & '59", "Library of Congress: Primary documents—The Declaration of Independence", "Pennsylvania ratifies the Constitution of 1787", "The National Forests of the United States", "Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident", "In Japan, workers struggling to hook up power to Fukushima reactor", "Pennsylvania QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", John Mortonin jalanjäljillä Philadelphiassa, YLE: John Mortonin syntyperä syynissä Raytalammilla, "American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Research Brief : The Commonwealth's Official Source for Population and Economic Statistics", "Puerto Ricans Leave N.Y. Report Tells Where They Go—Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños", "Thedailyjournal—Puerto Rico's population exodus is all about jobs", "Population and Population Centers by State—2000", "Table 16: Resident Population by Age and State: 2010", "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 67, Number 1, January 31, 2018", "Religious composition of adults in Pennsylvania", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Amish Country | Ohio | Visitor Information", "Friends General Conference States (2010)—QuickLists—The Association of Religion Data Archives", "New Hampshire Now Least Religious State in U.S", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Appeals court races wrap up with focus on voter mobilization", "Wal-Mart tops Pa. list of largest private employers", "Pennsylvania GDP and Per-Capita GDP | Department of Numbers", "Pennsylvania: real GDP growth 2000–2017 | Statistic", "Notice: Data not available: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics", "What is PA Preferred? [56] The Second Continental Congress, which also met in Philadelphia (in May 1775), drew up and signed the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia,[57] but when that city was captured by the British, the Continental Congress escaped westward, meeting at the Lancaster courthouse on Saturday, September 27, 1777, and then to York. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Pennsylvania's two U.S. [151] Additional revenue prospects include trying to place tolls on interstate highways; specifically Interstate 80, which is used heavily by out of state commuters with high maintenance costs. Pennsylvania German is often—even though misleadingly—called "Pennsylvania Dutch". The current governor of Pennsylvania is Tom Wolf. [114] If Pennsylvania were an independent country, its economy would rank as the 19th-largest in the world. "Nation's largest medical school to open new $4M location at Seton Hill University", "Houdini Harry Houdini attractions magic Scranton Poconos Pocono birthday party show seance School Assembly Programs birthday", "Bear facts favor Pennsylvania State remains home to North America's biggest black bears", "Corps shuts Highland Park lock for two weeks of repairs", "Penn FC to go on hiatus in 2019, join new USL third division league in 2020", "Recognized National Championships by Team", "Helms Foundation NCAA Division I Champions", "NCAA Division I Mens Basketball—NCAA Division I Champions", "Pa. knack for snacks a Farm Show feature—Pittsburgh Tribune-Review", "Company History: Auntie Anne's Pretzels", "It's official: The Eastern hellbender will become Pennsylvania's amphibian", Digital History: Persecution of the Quakers, "The State of Pennsylvania—An Introduction the Keystone State from", "France-Diplomatie—Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures", American Public Transportation Association, "Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Fact Book", Pennsylvania Department of General Services, Gov. 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